Singapore is not only an island nation in Southeast Asia but also a city-state. She locates at south of Malaya island, adjacent to Nankou of Malacca Strait, facing Indonesia through Singapore Strait in the south and Malaysia through Johor Strait in the north, lying between Singapore and Malaysia through a long beach. Singapore is the one of the most important financial, service and transport center in Asia. In keeping their city clean and tidy, Singapore has achieved a lot and enjoyed a good name of "garden city".
Singapore is a city state, meaning Lion City. According to the records, in about 1150 AD, when Sumatra Srivijaya reached the island by boat and saw a beast, called Lion by the locals, thus she owns the name of Lion City. The national flag consists of two rectangular shape, red upper and white below, length and width ratio of 3:2. There is one white crescent moon and five white pentagrams at upper left. Red represents human equality, white represents pure and morality, the crescent moon represents the country, and the five pentagrams represent the country's desire of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. The close and ordered combination of crescent moon and five pentagrams represent the united and friendly spirit of Singaporean People.
The political languages of Singapore are English and Chinese. Li Guangyao has been the president for a long time since 1965 and became senior minister from November 1990 after he resigned the president position. Political Secretary Mr Goh Chok Tong has been the second president of Singapore from November 1990 to August 2004. The present president Li Xianlong has become the third since August 12, 2004, as the new secretary-general since December and sworn on May 30. President Nathan had been in the position since August 18, 1999, sworn on September 1st and continued in office in September 200Until June 2009, the total population of Singapore is 4,987,600, 3.1% higher than that of last year, among them, 3,730,000 are permanent resident. Singapore is one of the most crowed country in the world, with more than 4,000 at every squire. The Chinese in Singapore usually come from Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan and some other places in China, most are from Fujian, taking 47% of the total Singapore population. And there are also people from Chaoshan, Guangfu, Hainan, Kejia etc. The main religions are Buddhist, Taoism, Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
In the middle of 1880s, when the Great Britain had expanded its territory and the trade in China, they urgently needed a port for boats berthing and maintenance in order to obtain advantages over Hollanders in trade competition. Therefore they had established trade port at Bingcheng (1786) and Singapore (1819). At the end of 1818, Lord Hastings decided to authorize Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles from Bencoolen to establish a new trade port ant the south of Malaya island. After several troubles, unfortunately Singapore has been the settlement, thus the plan has been grounded.
The education system in Singapore is similar to that of Great Britain, excluding literature and language, the other subjects are used English as median language. If a child has finished the study of middle and primary schools from 10 to 11 years, he can go to junior college, senior high school or technical institute, most students of the former two colleges can go the local university for further study. There ate three universities in Singapore, that's the National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University. What's more distance learning is very advance here, students can continue study through their laptop(http://www.dinodirect.com/laptops/ ) if they are sick at home. Every year a lot of students abroad will come to Singapore for further study. She has become one of the most widely recognized countries in the world.